When starting out in aviation one of the first questions asked is what license are you training for? The LAPL or PPL?
First let's bust the myth, an LAPL does not make you a lesser pilot than PPL holder. Both licences allow you to fly most of the popular single engine aircraft out there, such as the Cessna 172, Piper Warrior or Arrow. They both allow you to take passengers on your flights, so you can make day trips with family and friends.
First ask yourself why do I want to fly? Is it the start of a new career? Is it for a hobby, to be able to fly to places for lunch on a beautiful day? Or do you want to fly an aircraft for business, to fly yourself to a business meeting? Your answers to these questions will help you make your decision.
A PPL will allow you to fly aircraft registered in Europe around the world, with a LAPL you are limited to Europe. Where a PPL is an ICAO standard license, the LAPL was created by EASA to standardise all the different national recreational pilot's licenses. National licenses only allowed you to fly in the country of issue. For many pilots being able to fly in the country they live in is all they want to do.
With an LAPL and PPL you can fly single engine aircraft, with an LAPL this in enclosed within the license with an PPL it is added as a rating the SEP. This is an important difference, a LAPL is valid for life but a SEP is valid for 2 years. If you renew your SEP before it expires it can be done by flying 12 hours including 1 with an instructor or by a proficiency check with an examiner. If the SEP expires you have to do training to get you back to standard then a proficiency check with an examiner. With an LAPL it is easier even though it is valid for life, you have to have flown 12 hours in the last 24 months including 1 hour with an instructor. If you haven't you need to fly the 12 hours with an instructor or under their supervision, or do a proficiency check with an examiner. Either way you have to fly to keep it current but with an LAPL you do not need an examiner to sign it off to keep flying.
With a PPL you can add extra qualifications, so called ratings, such as an Instrument Rating, Night rating or Multi Engine rating. The only rating you can add to a LAPL is the Night Rating. Do you need to add rating or is flying a 4 seater single engine enough? Our experience is that most do not need to add ratings.
Both Licenses allow you to fly light aircraft, with a LAPL it is limited to a max take-off weight of 2000kg. Most light aircraft such as a C172, Piper Warrior and even more complex types such as a Piper Arrow or a Cirrus SR22 have max weight below 2000 kg.
For both licenses you have to pass the same 9 theory exams, in that respect it doesn't matter what license you are going for.
SEP: 2 Years
Under 40: Valid 5 Years
Over 40: Valid 2 Years
Over 50: Valid 1 Year
Under 40: Valid 5 Years
Over 40: Valid 2 Years
Multi Engine, Instrument Rating, IMC Rating, Night Rating
Minimum Training Hours
45 Total of which:
10 Hours Solo of which
5 Hours Solo Cross Country
Including 1 Cross Country of 150 NM
30 Hours of which
6 Hours Solo of which
3 Hours Cross Country
including 1 Cross Country of 80 NM
Max Take-Off Weight: 2000 Kg
Max Passengers: 3
For many people the NPPL was enough as all they wanted to do was fly a small aircraft and at times take friends and family with them. The LAPL is replacing the NPPL. So if you just want to fly up to 4 seater aircraft within the UK a LAPL is enough and it potentially saves you up to 15 hours of flight training.
We advise our students to go for a LAPL, unless they want go commercial or add extra ratings to their license. You can always upgrade your LAPL to a PPL with a bit of extra training. Also you don't immediately have to make a choice, you just have to decide before you do your skills test.
In May of 2016 the UK CAA announced changes in the medical requirements for some pilots. Some interesting changes for private pilots where anticipated but what has become of them? What do the changes mean for us?
Many anticipated that all private pilots could self declare their medical fitness to the CAA and continue to fly on their license. Changes for medical requirements came into effect at the same time the new Air Navigation Order was published on the 25th of August 2016. This was to make sure any changes would be the same for all.
These changes are implemented by the CAA, meaning that they are valid within the United Kingdom but not if you fly outside it's jurisdiction. Any self declaration or declaration counter-signed by your GP was only valid for UK licenses, but not for EASA licenses until the 25th of August.
An EASA license requires a Class 1, 2 or LAPL medical. This has changed if you fly non-EASA aircraft on an EASA license. There are NO changes if you fly an EASA aircraft.
The changes allow you to fly a non-EASA aircraft on an EASA license and bring those requirements inline with UK national requirements. So let's list what you need!
- If you hold a UK NPPL you can fly with a pilot medical declaration until the 8th of April 2018, at which point your license should have been converted to an EASA LAPL.
- If you hold an EASA LAPL you require an LAPL medical if you fly EASA aircraft. If you fly non-EASA aircraft, so called ANNEX II aircraft, you can do with a pilot medical declaration as long as you fly within the UK.
- If you hold an EASA PPL you require an EASA Class 2 medical to fly EASA aircraft. But if you only fly non-EASA aircraft within the UK, then a self declaration will suffice.
How do you self declare? By filling in form Form SRG 1210
Check the CAA Document: Which type of Medical Certificate or Declaration can I use for my licence?